Financial analysis is a process of evaluating the relationship between component parts of a financial statement to obtain a better understanding of a firm’s position and performance. When looking at a specific company, a financial analyst conducts analysis by focusing on the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement.


  • To assess the earning capacity or profitability of the firm.
  • To assess the operational efficiency and managerial effectiveness.
  • To assess the short term as well as long term solvency position of the firm.
  • To identify the reasons for change in profitability and financial position of the firm.
  • To make forecasts about future prospects of the firm.
  • To help in decision making and control.
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